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Yasothon

 


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Untitled Document
Introduction

According to historical chronicles of Muang Yasothon Bang Fai Rocket FestivalYasothon, Phra Chao Voravongsa, and his followers in 2340 B.E. were migrating to settle down with the governor of Champasak. Along the way, they stopped at Dong Phi Singh and decided to make their home there as it was found to be an appropriate site which was later named Ban Ta Singh or Muang Ta Singh. In 2357 B.E. King Rama II issued an edict to upgrade the settlement into a town. Muang Ta Singh, reporting direct to Bangkok. The rank of Phra Rachavongsa was given to the governor. The town was subsequently elevated into a province under a Revolutionary Order No.70 on February 6,2515. The province was made up of the following districts, Yasothon, Kam Khuan Kaew, Maha Chaichana, Pa Tiew, Lerng Nok Tha and Kud Chum (all formerly in Ubon Ratchathani), and officially came into existence on March 1,2515 (1972).

Borders
North : Mukdahan,Nakhon Phanom and Roi Et
South : Sisaket
East : Ubon Ratchathani
West : Roi Et

The distances from Amphoe Muang to other Amphoes are as follow :

From Yasothon city of nearby Provinces

From Yasothon city to its districts.

- Mukdahan 111 kms.
- Nakhon Phanom 215 kms.
- Roi Et 71 kms.
- Sisaket 159 kms.
- Ubon Ratchathani 98 kms.

- Kamkhuenkaew
- Korwang
- Kudchum
- Loengnoktha
- Mahachaichana
- Patieu
- Saimoon
- Thai Charoen
23 kms.
70 kms.
37 kms.
69 kms.
41 kms.
28 kms.
18 kms
51 kms.
How to get there

By Road
Take Highway No.1 (Phaholyothin) to Saraburi. Then turn right into Highway No.2 (Mitrapharb) through Nakhon Ratchasima heading toward Phimai district, and on to Song Hong and Ban Phai districts of Khon Kaen. From here, turn into Highway No.23 passing Borabue district of Mahasarakham and Thawatchai and Selaphum district of Roi Et before reaching Yasothon. The total distance is some 531 kms., traveling time is about 7 hours.
There are regular services daily by non and air-conditioned buses which leave Bangkok from the Northern Bus Terminal.

Train or Air passengers have to get off at Ubon Ratchathani to continue by road for another 99 kms. to arrive at Yasothon.

Festivals & Events

Bang Fai Rocket Festival - Phaya Thaen Park
May (second weekend)
Bang Fai Rocket FestivalYasothon is most famous for its spectacular Rocket (Bung Fai) Festival, an event which draws visitors from all over the country. The festival features large home-made rockets, fireworks displays, parades and beauty contests. Traditionally northeastern villagers have created and launched rockets of all kinds and sizes as a belief that this will ensure that the gods will send plenty of rain for the rice planting season. As part of this two-day festival there are beauty pageants and various forms of folk and cultural entertainment full of merriment.

Provided by Tourism Authority of Thailand

 

Yasothon

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This article is about the town Yasothon. For other uses, see Yasothon (disambiguation).
Yasothon
Wat That Anon in Yasothon
Wat That Anon in Yasothon
Yasothon (Thailand)
Yasothon
Yasothon
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 15?47?50?N 104?08?35?E? / ?15.79722, 104.14306
Country Thailand
Province Yasothon Province
Districts of Thailand Amphoe Mueang Yasothon
Population (2005)
-Total 21,134

Yasothon (Thai ʸ) is a town in the Isan region of Thailand. It is the capital and administrative center of Yasothon province, and had a population of 21,134 in 2005. It lies a little more than 500 km northeast of the Thai capital Bangkok.

Contents

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[edit] History

Wat Singh Tha Lion Gate

While there are Khmer ruins in and around the city, no written history is known prior to A.D. 1811/2354 B.E. In that year, Prince Rachawongsingh (Thai: Ҫǧԧ Descended from Lions), son of King Wichai (Th: ǾԪ), king in the capital of Champasak (Th: èӻѡ) led a number of people to found a town on a bluff beside a deserted temple ground with a landing on the River Chi (Th: Ӫ). The town was called Ban Singh Kow (Th: ҹԧ Old Lion Village), or Ban Singh Tha (Th: ҹԧ). (Pg.˹ҷ 26, ѡط, ׷ҹ׹ҹҹеӹҹá͵駨ѧѴ. ا෾ Ѭ֡ [1]

Fine Arts Dept. by Wat Singh Tha

A Fine Arts Dept. marker for a chedi erected by Wat Singh Tha says that, during the Thonburi Era, grandson Kham Su [TH: ǵ] called the settlement Ban Singh Thong [TH: ҹԧͧ Ban Gold Lion]. The wat (Th: Ѥ), which had been deserted with dense jungle blocking the way to the river landing, was re-built and renamed after the new village. The change from Thong (Gold) to Tha (Th: ) was influenced by two factors: Tha means port or landing and also pose with many connotations. [1] Thus the change in name to Singh Tha means Port Lion, and also Imposing Lion such as those posed on the Lion Gate, and on pedestals on the temple grounds. For the legendary version, see Yasothon province Symbols.

(Continued from above reference.) In A.D. 1814/2357 B.E. during the reign of Rama II (1809-1824), Prince Praputthalertlanaphalai (Th: кҷ稾оطҹ) announced a change in the town's name to Meuang Yasothon (Th: ͧʸ|Arrogant City), though the name proposed had been Meuang Yotsunthon [Thai: ͧع|Most Gracious City). Prince Rachawongsingh also received a new title, Pra Sunthornrachawongsah (Th: عҪǧ | Most Revered Person (of a) Harmonious Regal Dynasty) and continued as a country lord (Th: ԧ) [about equal to a French or English Count].

General Singh Monument
Wat Tung Sawang chedi
Figure inside chedi

Yasothon Lord Bodintaradecha (Th: ҾҺԹപ), also known as Singh from his family name (Th:ԧ ʡԧʹ), an accountant general (Th: ѭ) and army general (Th: Ѿ˭) during the reign of Rama III (1824-1851), led an army from Bangkok to put down the rebellion of Lord Anouvong of Vientiane [Th: Һ (Һ к) ͹ǧ §ѹ] (1826-1828). General Singh then brought his army to Yasothon to rest. The campsite is marked by a nine-spired chedi at Wat Tung Sawang Chayaphum (Th: Ѵҧ | Bright field of victory).

Yasothon also aided Bangkok in repelling Chinese invaders at Nong Khai during the Haw wars (Th: Һ) (1865-1890).

In the reign of Rama V (1868-1910), before the establishment of Monthon (Th: ), Yasothon was included in the northwestern quarter of Western Laos (Th: ͧǽµѹ§˹). Yasothon was a Monthon from A.D. 1900/2443 B.E. until A.D. 1913/2456 B.E. when it was made an Amphoe and joined to Boriwen Ubon (Th: dzغ ) to form Ubon Ratchathani Province. In A.D. 1972/2515 B.E., the Amphoe was elevated to Yasothon Province.

Yasothon City pillar Shrine
Spirit of the City

The city has a significant Thai Chinese influence. The city pillar, erected in AD 1987/2530 BE a short walk from Wat Singh Tha, is housed in a shrine (Thai: Ҿѡͧ) that resembles a Chinese temple. A Chinese warrior impersonates the city spirit in the annual parade celebrating the Chinese lunar date of the shrine's dedication.

[edit] Yasothon Rocket Festival

(See main article at Rocket Festival)

Yasothon's rocket festival (Thai: ླպح Prapheni Bun Bang Fai |Tradition of Boon of Bong of Fire) is held annually over the weekend that falls in the middle of the month of May. The festival's origins lie in a custom of firing rockets into the sky at the start of the rice-growing season to remind King of the Sky, Phaya Thaen, to send promised rain. The festival is a competition marked by a weekend of celebration, including highly-decorated floats parading through the town, accompanied by partying, dancing, music, and a fair. Friday the main thoroughfare is transformed into a parade ground lined on both sides by concert stages, which will feature Mor lam performers throughout the night. Saturday sponsored parade groups compete for prizes. Many of the traditional dances and floats have to do with the legend of N?ng Ai and Ph?d??ng, but others have to do with that year's particular theme.

Sunday the action moves from the city center to Phaya Thaen Park at its eastern edge. The park is not only a beautiful playground with an athletic stadium and outdoor stage, it is also part of the city's flood-control project for those times when Phaya Thaen sends too much rain.

The festival now takes the form of a competition to see whose rocket will stay aloft for the longest time.

On May 10, 1999, the Yasothon Rocket Festival made world headlines when a 120 kg rocket exploded 50 meters above ground, just two seconds after launch, killing five persons and wounding 11.

[edit] Transport

Pedicab delivering goods

Pedicabs serve within the city. Tuk-tuks are prohibited. Motorcycle taxis with yellow license plates and drivers with identifying vests do serve outlying areas and may take passengers about within the city limits. Several bus lines connect daily and at frequent intervals to Bangkok's Northeast Bus Terminal and Pattaya's Northern Terminal, as well as all bus terminals in the North and Northeast. Train and Air services connect Bangkok to Ubon Ratchathani, 100 kilometres east on Highway 23. Yasothon city is about 530 kilometres or 7 hours drive from Bangkok at the intersection of Highways 23 and 202, and the southern end of Highway 2169.

[edit] Places of interest

  • Phra That Anon a Thai chedi or stupa over 1000 years old, said to contain a relic of Ananda, a favoured disciple of the Buddha. An annual festival is held in March to honour the temple.
  • That Kong Khao Noi a chedi southwest of Yasothon by the village of Tat Thong (Ҵͧ), housing a statue of Buddha. Each April the statue is bathed in a ceremony to call for rains.
  • Tat Thong is also an excavation site of a prehistoric settlement.

 

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